| 主谓一致系列(6)each修饰主语 GMAT语法课堂

作者:赵丽老师 / 公众号:zhaolilaoshi 发布时间:2019-06-06

昨日练习解析:
6. The Sports Medicine Programs of theOlympic Training Center, a complex where final tryouts are held for athletesrepresenting the United States in the Olympics, is geared toward enhancing athletes'performance and towardtheir preparation for international competition.
(A) is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation
(B) is geared to enhance the performance of athletes andto prepare them
(C) are geared to enhance athletes' performance and their preparation
(D) are geared toward the enhancement of athletes'performance and toward preparingthem
(E) are geared toward enhancing theperformance of athletes and preparing them
考场选项排除:
1. 谓语动词is划线,首先确定主谓是否一致,句子主语是复数名词,所以应该使用复数谓语,排除AB。
2. 比较选项CDE,可发现选项CD中的并列成分形式都不对称,排除CE。
选项分析:
A.主谓不一致,句子主语是复数名词the SportsMedicine Programs,所以is应改成are;并列成分enhancing和their preparation形式不对称,一个是现在分词短语,一个是名词短语。
B.主谓不一致,is应该改为复数are。
C.并列成分to enhance和their preparation形式不对称,一个是动词不定式,一个是名词短语。
D.并列成分theenhancement of和preparing them形式不对称,一个是名词短语,一个是现在分词短语。
E.correct;并列成分enhancing与preparing形式对称。
GMAT主谓一致规则2、若each在核心主语前面,句子谓语动应当使用单数形式;若当each在复数核心主语后面时,则句子谓语动词应该使用复数形式。
例题7. Each of Hemingway’s wives—Hadley Richardson, Pauline Pfeiffer,Martha Gelhorn, and Mary Welsh—were strong and interesting women, verydifferent from the often pallid women who populate his novels.(A) Each of Hemingway’s wives—Hadley Richardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, MarthaGelhorn, and Mary Welsh—werestrong and interesting women,(B) Hadley Richardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, Martha Gelhorn, and Mary Welsh—each ofthem Hemingway’s wives—were strong and interesting women,(C) Hemingway’s wives—Hadley Richardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, Martha Gelhorn, andMary Welsh—were all strongand interesting women,(D) Strong and interesting women—Hadley Richardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, MarthaGelhorn, and Mary Welsh—each a wife of Hemingway, was(E) Strong and interesting women—Hadley Richardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, MarthaGelhorn, and Mary Welsh—every one of Hemingway’s wives were
解析:
7. Each of Hemingway’s wives—Hadley Richardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, MarthaGelhorn, and Mary Welsh—werestrong and interesting women, very different from the often pallid women whopopulate his novels.(A) Each of Hemingway’s wives—HadleyRichardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, Martha Gelhorn, and Mary Welsh—were strong and interesting women,(B) Hadley Richardson, PaulinePfeiffer, Martha Gelhorn, and Mary Welsh—each of them Hemingway’swives—were strong and interesting women,(C) Hemingway’s wives—Hadley Richardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, Martha Gelhorn, andMary Welsh—were all strongand interesting women,(D) Strong and interesting women—HadleyRichardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, Martha Gelhorn, and Mary Welsh—each a wife ofHemingway, was(E) Strong and interesting women—HadleyRichardson, Pauline Pfeiffer, Martha Gelhorn, and Mary Welsh—every one ofHemingway’s wives were
考场选项排除:
1. 纵向比较找差异,差异点即为考点。选项前面部分可看出,选项BDE改变了原句的主语,改变了原句的合理重心和意思,排除BDE。
2. 比较选项AC,差异点在A中的主语前多了个each of,each of修饰复数名词时其核心意思相当于单数,相应的谓语动词也要使用单数形式,排除A。
选项分析:
A. 主语each of Hemingway’s wives,each在复数名词前面,其核心意思仍是单数,所以与复数谓语动词were主谓不一致。
B. 将在破折号之间的插入语变成了句子主干,改变了原句的合理重心。
C. correct。
D. 将原句的宾语换成了句子主语,改变了原句的合理重心和意思。
E. 将原句的宾语换成了句子主语,改变了原句的合理重心和意思;单数主语every one of…与复数谓语were主谓不一致。
今日练习:
8. Scientists say that each of thephotographs taken of the Ares Vallis plain by the Mars Pathfinder indicatethe overwhelming extent to flooding on the planet billions of years ago and thedegree that rocks were scattered by its force.
(A) indicate the overwhelming extent toflooding on the planet billions of years ago and the degree that
(B) indicate that the extent of the floods onthe planet billions of years ago was overwhelming and the degree to which
(C) indicate the overwhelming extent of thefloods on the planet billions of years ago and the degree to which
(D) indicates the overwhelming extent of theflooding on the planet billions of years ago and the degree to which
(E) indicates the overwhelming extent toflooding on the planet billions of years ago and the degree that
今天练习题大家先试着做一下,明天讲解。

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